We have a long standing interest in species differences of cytochome P450 enyzmes (CYPs) that metabolize drugs and other substances. Since CYP inhibition or induction and also drug-drug interactions can result in adverse effects or lack of therapy, research in this field helps to improve pharmacotherapy in the clinic.  Another line of research in the field of  neuropharmacology/toxicology addresses effects of non-ionising radiation and effects and uptake of nanoparticles designed for laser-assisted tissue soldering in the brain or drug delivery in the brain.